The Cichlidae family, consisting of over 1,000 species, is native to Central and South America, Africa and Asia. Cichlids tend to have more needs in terms of their habitats and water quality. Some species need to have water conditions constantly maintained and should only be kept by experienced fish keepers.

Cichlids are hearty eaters and produce large amounts of waste so an efficient filtration system is important to install and maintain. Cichlids are also territorial fish. Particular species, such as some of the brightly coloured African species, need rocky outcrops as aquarium furnishings among which they can claim their territories.

Cichlids are prolific breeders using egg depositing and often tear up aquarium plants when selecting a spawning site.  Their territorial tendencies are heightened when they are spawning and guarding their young.

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